Andere naam:
Eelt, Callus

Korte omschrijving:
Huidproblemen / Eelt
Verdikking op de lip bij blazers.
(Overmatige) eeltvorming. (Garrod’s pads)
Eelt, bult, verharding op contactplaats met instrument / mondstuk of snaren.


 Zie ook: Vioolplek





UIT: Skin Disease Among Musicians
Jeff Harvell, M.D.en Howard I. Maibach,M.D.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists

Many musicians are subject to repeated cutaneous mechanical trauma. Indeed, the result of such trauma often provides an occupational mark, unique to the type of artist.
In a survey of the medical problems of high-level musicians, such problems as blisters and Calluses were frequently reported by the musicians surveyed; however, the implications of this finding were not discussed.
Most likely this relates to the fact that, although such findings are frequent among musicians, they are rarely the source of lost rehearsal time or medical consultation.

Calluses appear as a hard, dry plaque, usually confined to sites of repeated mechanical trauma.
The lack of both a verrucous surface and reddish-brown pinpoint hemorrhage distinguishes the callus from the common wart.
Such marks are commonly found on the hands and fingers of musicians, the exact location depending on the type of instrument played.

For some musicians, notably string players, calluses serve a protective function by decreasing the fingertip pain that ensues as a string is pressed onto the fingerboard. In fact, string players who are unable to form a callus sometimes have to leave music due to debilitating pain (personal communication, Alice G. Brandfonbrener, M.D.).

The art of callus care includes shaving and filing, with avoidance of cutting.
Excessive callus formation can sometimes present a problem.
In the dry winter months, as a callus loses hydration, it sometimes cracks and catches onto the string, resulting in a painful tear.
During periods of vacation or significant time off from rehearsal, calluses resolve rapidly for some string players; therefore, when returning to work, string players often find it necessary to increase playing time gradually in order to allow the calluses time to Instruments re-form (Personal communication, Alice G. Brandfonbrener, M.D.).

Finally, mucosal calluses are sometimes observed in wind players.
Typically, upper-lip calluses are observed in brass players; lower-lip calluses form in woodwind players (clarinetists and saxophonists).



    Gerelateerde blessures:
    Bobbel, Bult, Huidverdikking,
    Klarinet, Saxofoon, Eufonium, Hoorn, Trombone, Trompet, Tuba, Conga's, tamtam, tabla, Drums, Kleine trom, Mallet instrumenten, Altviool, Basgitaar, Cello, Contrabas, Elektrische gitaar, Gitaar, Harp, Mandoline, Viola da Gamba, Viool, Carillon, Beiaard,


    Lees het artikel:
    Contact dermatitis and other skin conditions in instrumental musicians

    Samenvatting van: Skin conditions in instrumental musicians: a self-reported survey.


    Development of Garrod's pads in the fingers of a professional violinist
    H. A. Bird, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 1987; 46, 169-170

    Skin Disease Among Musicians, Jeff Harvell, M.D.en Howard I. Maibach,M.D.
    Medical Problems of Performing Artists

    Contact dermatitis and other skin conditions in instrumental musicians.
    Thilo Gambichler, Stefanie Boms, Marcus Freitag, BMC Dermatology 2004, 4:3